regulatory enforcement

In a wave of SEC rulemaking this past year, representing a “new world order” event akin to Dodd-Frank, the SEC has provided itself with a fresh set of tools to increase regulatory and enforcement scrutiny on private funds. Among other things, certain of the rules could result in fundamental changes to market practices and greater disclosure to LPs. While ongoing litigation will determine the fates of the Private Fund Adviser Rules, the Short Sale Disclosure Rule, and the Securities Lending Rule, and while other rules are awaiting final adoption, the SEC concerns underlying the rulemaking will continue regardless.   

President Biden has signaled a shift to a more assertive SEC Enforcement program with the nomination, and expected confirmation, of Gary Gensler as the next Chair of the SEC.  Mr. Gensler previously served as the Chairman of the CFTC from 2009 to 2014, where he established a reputation as a forceful regulator. This reputation suggests that we should expect a significant increase in enforcement actions against private fund managers.

Under former Chairman Clayton, private fund advisers benefited indirectly from the SEC’s focus on ”Main Street” investors.  More of the SEC’s limited resources were devoted to addressing retail fraud, leaving fewer resources available to focus on private funds.  As former Enforcement Director Stephanie Avakian explained recently, the SEC relied more heavily on exams by OCIE (recently renamed the “Division of Examinations”)  – through deficiency notices and remediation, rather than enforcement actions – to address perceived private fund compliance violations.  Whether the SEC returns to the more assertive “broken windows” approach to regulation under prior administrations remains to be seen.